Thursday, January 18, 2018

The Christian Church

The Christian Church
By Clarence Larkin

The Church is not only a “called out Body,” it is the “BODY OF CHRIST.” In Ephesians.1:22-23, we read – “And hath put all things under His feet, and gave Him (Jesus) to be the ‘Head’ over all things to the Church which is His BODY.” The context shows (vs. 20) that this “Headship” was not possible until Jesus had been raised from the dead, and seated at the right hand of the Father. The Church then could not have been in existence before there was a “Head,” for God does not make headless things. The Church then is the “Body” of which Christ is the “Head.” In 1 Corinthians 12:12-13 we are told how this “Body” is formed: “For as the body is one, and hath many members; and all the members of that one body being many, are one body; so also is Christ. For by one ‘Spirit’ (Holy Spirit) are we all baptized into ‘ONE BODY,’ whether we be Jew or Gentile, whether we be bond or free.” From this we see that it is the “Baptism of the Spirit” that incorporates us into the “Body of Christ.” That is, there could be no Church until the “Day of Pentecost.”  

The fact that the Church is a “Body” made up of “living members” shows that it is not an “Organization” but an “ORGANISM.” As the human body is for the manifestation of a Personality, so the Church, the “Body of Christ,” is for the purpose of manifesting “His Personality.” The only way then the world can see Christ is through His Body the Church.

But the Church is not only the “Body” of Christ, it is to be His BRIDE. At present it is but a virgin espoused. 2 Corinthians 11:2. Some hold that the Church cannot be both the “Body” and “Bride” of Christ, and that the “Bride” must be Israel. But we must not forget that there are “Two Brides” mentioned in the Scriptures, one in the Old Testament, and the other in the New Testament. The one in the Old Testament is Israel, the Bride of Jehovah; the one in the New Testament is the Church, the Bride of Christ. Of Israel it is said – “Thy Maker is thine husband.” Isaiah 54:5-8. Because of her Whoredoms, Israel is a cast-off wife, but Jehovah, her husband, promises to take her back when she ceases from her adulteries. Jeremiah 3:1-18; Ezekiel 16:1-63; Hosea, 2:1-23, 3:1-5. She will not be taken back as a “Virgin,” but as a “Wife.” But it is a VIRGIN that the Lamb (Christ) is to marry. So the “Wife” of the Old Testament cannot be the “Bride” (Virgin) of the New Testament. Again the “Wife” (Israel) is to reside in the earthly Jerusalem during the Millennium, while the “Bride” (the Church) will reside in the New Jerusalem. These distinctions make it clear that Israel cannot be the “Bride” of Christ. As to the Church being both the “Body” and “Bride” of Christ, we have the type of Eve who was of the “body” of Adam before she became his “bride.”

The following was sent to us and helps give even a more detailed understanding of the difference between Israel and the christian Church;


Replacement theology (also known as supersessionism) essentially teaches that the church has replaced Israel in God’s plan. Adherents of replacement theology believe the Jews are no longer God’s chosen people, and God does not have specific future plans for the nation of Israel. Among the different views of the relationship between the church and Israel are the church has replaced Israel (replacement theology), the church is an expansion of Israel (covenant theology), or the church is completely different and distinct from Israel (dispensationalism/premillennialism).

Replacement theology teaches that the church is the replacement for Israel and that the many promises made to Israel in the Bible are fulfilled in the Christian church, not in Israel. The prophecies in Scripture concerning the blessing and restoration of Israel to the Promised Land are spiritualized or allegorized into promises of God’s blessing for the church. Major problems exist with this view, such as the continuing existence of the Jewish people throughout the centuries and especially with the revival of the modern state of Israel. If Israel has been condemned by God and there is no future for the Jewish nation, how do we explain the supernatural survival of the Jewish people over the past 2,000 years despite the many attempts to destroy them? How do we explain why and how Israel reappeared as a nation in the 20th century after not existing for 1,900 years?

The view that Israel and the church are different is clearly taught in the New Testament. Biblically speaking, the church is distinct from Israel, and the terms church and Israel are never to be confused or used interchangeably. We are taught from Scripture that the church is an entirely new creation that came into being on the day of Pentecost and will continue until it is taken to heaven at the rapture (Ephesians 1:9–111 Thessalonians 4:13–17). The church has no relationship to the curses and blessings for Israel. The covenants, promises, and warnings of the Mosaic Covenant were valid only for Israel. Israel has been temporarily set aside in God’s program during these past 2,000 years of dispersion (see Romans 11).

Contrary to replacement theology, dispensationalism teaches that, after the rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:13–18), God will restore Israel as the primary focus of His plan. The first event at this time is the tribulation (Revelation chapters 6–19). The world will be judged for rejecting Christ, while Israel is prepared through the trials of the great tribulation for the second coming of the Messiah. Then, when Christ does return to the earth at the end of the tribulation, Israel will be ready to receive Him. The remnant of Israel who survive the tribulation will be saved, and the Lord will establish His kingdom on this earth with Jerusalem as its capital. With Christ reigning as King, Israel will be the leading nation, and representatives from all nations will come to Jerusalem to honor and worship the King—Jesus Christ. The church will return with Christ and will reign with Him for a literal thousand years (Revelation 20:1–5).

Both the Old Testament and the New Testament support a premillennial/dispensational understanding of God’s plan for Israel. The strongest support for premillennialism is found in the clear teaching of Revelation 20:1–7, where it says six times that Christ’s kingdom will last 1,000 years. After the tribulation the Lord will return and establish His kingdom with the nation of Israel, Christ will reign over the whole earth, and Israel will be the leader of the nations. The church will reign with Him for a literal thousand years. The church has not replaced Israel in God's plan. While God may be focusing His attention primarily on the church in this dispensation of grace, God has not forgotten Israel and will one day restore Israel to His intended role as the nation He has chosen (Romans 11).

Bible Answers for Almost all Your Questions by Elmer Towns

Find out more regarding this issue:
*The Christian Church and Israel

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